Hemorrhoids also called piles, caused by excessive straining during a bowel movement, arc basically swollen veins in the anus accompanied by itching and sometimes sharp pain. They may be internal—that is, within the anal canal—or external, when they may be felt as little knobs or balls around the anal opening. Hemorrhoids are often the result of constipation, which also worsens those that already exist.
• A cold wash after a bowel movement reduces itching and helps blood vessels contract. Soak a washcloth in cold water, 54-60F(12-16C), wring it out and wash the affected area, leaving a thin film of water on your skin. Don’t dry it off but put on your underwear and sit still or lie under the covers in bed until your skin warms up.
• Take a sitz: bath. Yarrow and horsetail contain tannins that have an anti inflammatory effect. Boil 2 tablespoons (30 ml) each dried yarrow or horsetail in 2 quarts (2L) water for 15 minutes, and strain. Pour the liquid, cooled to body temperature, into a basin and sit in it for 5 minutes twice daily.
• To alleviate itching, place a cotton ball soaked in oil between your buttocks to prevent friction.
• Salves containing calendula or witch hazel reduce inflammation and bleeding effectively.
• An essential oil sib: bath also alleviates discomfort: Put 2 drops each cypress and chamomile oil and 1 drop peppermint oil in a small basin filled with water at body temperature. Take a 5 minute sitz bath, then carefully dab the anal area dry and apply a mixture of 5 drops of chamomile oil diluted in 1 tablespoon (15 ml) sweet almond oil.
• Raspberries can aid digestion and soften stools to prevent further irritation to hemorrhoids. If you are sugreptflale to hemorrhoids, it is a good idea to stock up on raspberries when they are in season and freeze them in small portions.
• Dab on a little zinc oxide cream or petroleum jelly with a clean cotton ball. Tests prove that these everyday items are just as effective as pricier alternatives for soothing hemorrhoid pain.
• Steep 2 tablespoons (30 ml) dried chamomile in 1 cup (25o ml) boiling water. soak for to minutes. strain then add to a sitz bath.
• A diet high in fiber produces softer stools, protecting against hemorrhoids.
• Adequate fluid intake prevents constipation. Drink at least 8 cups (2 of water daily to soften stools.
• Gentle and regular exercise encourages regular bowel movements.
• Use soft toilet paper or moisten with water.
• Avoid prolonged reading sessions in the bathroom. Sitting on the toilet seat for a long time increases pressure on the rectum.